Том 53 № 9 (2023)
Тема номера: На том стоим и развиваться будем!

Подарок санкций: анализ оценок российской экономики, 2022–2023 гг.

Джэймс К. Гэлбрейт
Техасский университет в Остине
Bio

Опубликован 30.08.2023

Ключевые слова

  • санкции; Россия

Как цитировать

1.
Гэлбрейт ДК. Подарок санкций: анализ оценок российской экономики, 2022–2023 гг. ECO [Интернет]. 30 август 2023 г. [цитируется по 2 октябрь 2023 г.];53(9):8-32. доступно на: https://ecotrends.ru/index.php/eco/article/view/4649

Аннотация

В предлагаемом эссе дан анализ нескольких известных западных оценок, как официальных, так и неофициальных, относительно влияния международных экономических санкций на российскую экономику и на военные действия на Украине. В нем делается попытка понять главные цели санкций, а также факты и причинно-следственные связи, которые лежат в основе [официального] консенсуса о том, что санкции до сих пор были весьма эффективными. Такое понимание может прояснить связь между утверждениями экономистов-наблюдателей за пределами России и источников внутри страны, в частности, оценки, исходящие от экономистов, связанных с Российской академией наук. Они делают резко различающиеся заключения из анализа одних и тех же фактов. Мы пришли к выводу, что применительно к крупной, богатой ресурсами, технически развитой экономике, после периода шока и адаптации санкции эквивалентны жестким защите внутренних рынков, промышленной политике и контролю над движением капитала. Это та политика, которую российское правительство не смогло бы по собственной инициативе реализовать даже в 2022 г.

Библиографические ссылки

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